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Model of the 2nd century BC Pergamon acropolis in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, which includes the Roman additions. The altar is on a terrace near the center with its stairway facing left (west).


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Pergamon, Pergamum, Pergamos: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergamum

Model of the 2nd century BC Pergamon acropolis in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, which includes the Roman additions. The altar is on a terrace near the center with its stairway facing left (west). The Great Altar of Pergamon is in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin. The base of this altar remains on the upper part of the Acropolis. It was perhaps this altar, dedicated to Zeus, worshipped by the Romans, mentioned by John the Devine, the Apostle John, in Revelation 2:13. Pergamon or Pergamum, was an ancient Greek city in modern-day Turkey, in Aeolis, today located 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus (modern day Bakirçay), that became the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon during the Hellenistic period, under the Attalid dynasty, 281–133 BC. Pergamon is cited in the Book of Revelation as one of the seven Churches of Asia-minor, today Turkey. Today, the main sites of ancient Pergamon are to the north and west of the modern city of Bergama.

The city of Pergamon (also spelled Pergamum) or Pergamos was one of the most important cities of the Greek east under Roman rule. Part of the city was perched atop an acropolis that rises nearly 900 feet, a spectacular sight. It had been the jewel of Asia during the reign of Augustus, but was later surpassed by Ephesos (Ephesus) in size, wealth, and stature. The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, father of Philetaerus who came to power in 281 BC following the collapse of the Kingdom off Thrace, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome in the Hellenistic world. Under Attalus I (241-197 BC), they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II (197-158 BC), against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor."

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